Hardwood Flooring: The trees that hardwood materials are harvested from grow much slower, and end up being far denser, and more durable than softwood counterparts. This means that they last longer and require less maintenance. The actual durability of species will vary, and is rated by the National Oak Flooring Manufacturers Association (NOMFA) using the Wood Hardness Rating scale.
Engineered wood is real wood. It is a sandwich of 1/16" to 1/8" of finish wood on top and non-finish plywood underneath. So, what you're looking at is 100% genuine wood.
But did you know that it's actually better to have plywood underneath? That's right: the middle layer of plywood is laid cross-ways to the finish layer, providing additional strength to the flooring.
Polypropylene is used to produce carpet yarns because it is inexpensive. It is difficult to dye and does not wear as well as wool or nylon. Polypropylene is commonly used to construct berber carpets. In this case, polypropylene is commonly referred to as olefin. Large looped olefin berber carpets are usually only suited for light domestic use and tend to mat down quickly.
Wool has excellent durability, can be dyed easily and is fairly abundant. When blended with synthetic fibres such as nylon the durability of wool is increased. Blended wool yarns are extensively used in production of modern carpet, with the most common blend being 80% wool to 20% synthetic fibre, giving rise to the term "80/20". Wool is relatively expensive and consequently a small portion of the market.
Laminate flooring is one of the most resilient and durable floor surfaces available. A relatively recent invention, it has gained in popularity due to its ease of installation, low maintenance requirements, and long life. This material can also be printed to simulate a wide variety of natural flooring materials include hardwood planks, and slate and ceramic tiles.
Vinyl sheet and tile are particularly good flooring choices for kitchens because they are able to withstand the common rigors of the space. Durability will vary based on the quality of the material purchased, however vinyl will generally be water resistant, stain resistant, and easy to maintain. This functionality can be combined with advanced print and textural techniques, which allow you to achieve the look of a variety of flooring options.